Enhancing the control of transboundary animal diseases in Cameroon

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STDF_PG_336_Photo1
Start Date 
01/06/2012
End Date 
28/02/2015

Enhancing the control of transboundary animal diseases in Cameroon

General objective

Reduce the impact of transboundary animal diseases on the livestock sector.

Specific objective

Implement relevant national strategic plans to combat and control transboundary animal diseases, including monitoring and contingency plans.

Background 

Cameroon is aiming to become a major exporter of livestock products. It therefore needs to improve the quality of products placed on the market and reduce as much as possible the risks of animal diseases spreading from one region to another or one country to another through trade in animals and their products ‑ hence the importance of implementing programmes to combat and control the diseases prevalent in the country. This concern is addressed in the Growth and Employment Strategy Paper (GESP), in which the general trade development objectives are to promote trade in sound competitive conditions and diversify trade in high value‑added goods and services.

Results 

Development of strategic plans to combat and control the four main livestock diseases: Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), Newcastle disease, African swine fever and foot‑and‑mouth disease

Within the framework of the strategic plans to combat and control the four diseases targeted by this project, the status of these diseases in Cameroon was made the subject of an assessment to be used as a baseline for estimating the progress expected from the implementation of the plans. This preliminary work took the form of epidemiological monitoring of the diseases concerned and a number of epidemiological surveys to determine their prevalence and incidence as well as the main associated risk factors.

Promotion of OIE standards and the WTO SPS Agreement

Forty-three veterinary service officials and professionals from the animal production sector have received training on the WTO SPS Agreement. This training has made sanitary control supervisors and stakeholders aware of the importance of international health standards, which may pose genuine obstacles to foreign trade.

Strengthening the capacity of veterinary services and other stakeholders to monitor and manage transboundary diseases

Several training courses have been organized for veterinary personnel and stakeholders in the monitoring and management of diseases:

  • veterinary service personnel have been trained in the use of Geographic Information System tools;
  • national users of the animal health information system have received training on the TAD Info software package;
  • epidemiological surveillance personnel have received refresher training; and
  • leaders of support groups and supervisory personnel have been trained in techniques of awareness-raising and organization of stock‑breeders.

Four manuals on veterinary health inspection procedures, a guide to good hygiene practices for fishery products and two manuals for veterinary inspectors have been produced.

This was an unscheduled outcome: it was after the strategic management plans had been developed that the Government asked for these other documents to be produced.

Recommendations 
  1. Transform the strategic management plans developed under the project into programmes, projects or operational action plans which take into account the necessary budget and implementation framework. These projects and programmes could be financed by the Government from own resources or submitted to potential donors.
  2. Disseminate the information collected during the project, which is of great scientific value to the international community, through articles and other scientific publications.
  3. Continue promoting OIE and WTO standards on international trade in animals and animal products, initiated under the project, by:
    • putting in place the support measures required to implement the management plans and sanitary inspection procedural manuals (in particular, strengthening veterinary legislation by means of implementing regulations identified during the drafting of the procedural manuals);
    • circulating procedural manuals and guides among all stakeholders to ensure that inspection standards are implemented;
    • involving professionals in managing health risks and ensuring traceability in the livestock sector;strengthening control and surveillance bodies and making sure they are accredited (Food Testing Laboratory of Douala); and
    • supplementing the inspection tools developed by the project with new manuals and guides, especially honey and milk inspection manuals.
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Reference Number 
STDF/PG/336
Status 
Completed
Project Value (US$) 
1,281,049
STDF Contribution (US$)  
510,788
Beneficiaries 
Cameroon
Implementing Entities 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Partners 
Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Industries (MINEPIA), Cameroon