Phytosanitary Manuals, Standard Operating Procedures and Training Kits
Address the need in developing countries for documented technical resources to enhance their capacity to understand and implement International Standards on Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs).
An information session on this project and its outputs was organized by the IPPC Secretariat in March 2017 (on the margins of the WTO SPS Committee).
Management challenges such as lack of trained personnel, information systems, and operational procedures to perform the tasks required of a national plant protection organization (NPPO) are principal weaknesses of developing country implementation of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). This leads to weak phytosanitary systems that are unable to effectively protect domestic agriculture and plant resources from pests and diseases. This project takes the first step to establish a set of globally relevant resources to support implementation of core functions of NPPOs. More specifically, these resources include manuals, Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and training kits outlining the processes and procedures for implementation of ISPMs. They are technically compatible with the SPS framework and adaptable to national-level needs.
The topics for the materials to be produced through the project are selected on the basis of a priority setting process that identifies most pressing needs emerging from the phytosanitary capacity evaluations (PCE) conducted by the IPPC Secretariat in more than 80 countries as well as global surveys conducted to analyze implementation challenges among IPPC contracting parties.
Continuous collection and update of existing resources to strengthen NPPOs
The IPPC Secretariat and Capacity Development Committee (CDC), acting as a the steering committee for this project, issued an open call for technical resources on plant protection (including manuals, training materials, photos, and other products) in order to identify and make available existing materials to support and strengthen plant health regulatory institutions. Stakeholders contributed over 300 resources that were analyzed by the CDC for their usefulness, relevance and compatibility with the IPPC and posted on a webpage designed to facilitate access to resources online (the Phytosanitary Resources page: www.phytosanitary.info). This initiative aimed at building on existing work, avoiding duplication of effort and using scarce project resources to develop new products that fill the outstanding gaps in resources. Given the success of the call for technical resources related to plant protection (in any language), the CDC decided to make the call ongoing and to urge contracting parties to continue submitting useful resources.
Collected materials are expected to contribute to establishing and reinforcing the Operating Procedures such as Phytosanitary measures for export and certification procedures, import verification procedures and regulatory procedures at an NPPO.
Close the gaps in capacity development of NPPOs by providing technical resources and assessment analyses
The Secretariat and CDC analyzed needs for basic training materials and operational procedures that had been identified during extensive experience in phytosanitary capacity development. This included general needs identified during the application of PCEs as well as through a survey carried out within the IPPC’s Implementation Review and Support System (IRSS) that involved all the IPPC’s contracting parties and gathered information on their successes, challenges and gaps in capacity for implementation of the Convention and its standards. A list of all the topics in which NPPOs expressed a need for resources was drawn and compared to the list of existing materials. A gap analysis was undertaken and outstanding needs were identified. The assessment of existing NPPO's capacity will guide future capacity building activities to strengthen implementation of the Convention while ensuring access to practical tools and resources.
Ensure global applicability of high priority resources
The CDC established criteria to prioritize topics for the new resources for which no valid equivalent exists, that will be developed through this project. These criteria include relationship to management of NPPOs, responses to emerging issues, and lack of existing materials to address the various topics.
New materials are developed by teams of experts to incorporate a range of approaches in order to ensure global applicability. Resources are peer reviewed and made available for use and adaptation by all. The materials are being developed through a range of partnership arrangements to engage on-the-ground collaborators to contribute content, expertise, and commit to long-term use and feedback of the materials. Relationships have been established with several contracting parties and one regional plant protection organization to plan opportunities to validate, use and provide feedback on the materials.
By the end of the project it is expected to have developed at least 20 manuals, SOPs and training kits consistent with the IPPC and ISPMs.