Accreditation of diagnostic tests for animal diseases
The project aims to build the capacities of laboratories in the Central American and Caribbean region by accrediting laboratory diagnostic tests for both terrestrial and aquatic transboundary diseases that are also of commercial and social significance, selected by the beneficiary countries.
Intraregional trade in animals and animal products has often been affected by the imposition of sanitary measures with no scientific basis. Markets have even been closed for various reasons, including the application of "retaliatory" measures such as the banning of milk imports from a country because it has prohibited exports of eggs. There is also a lack of trust among partners regarding sanitary conditions in a country or territory and the manner in which they may be verified.
One of the aims of OIRSA is to support its member countries in ensuring the effective implementation of their disease prevention, control and eradication programmes. For several decades now, OIRSA member countries have prioritized the strengthening of their analytical laboratories, and significant OIRSA-supported projects have been managed and implemented to that end. However, although the region's laboratories have been strengthened thanks to improved infrastructure, equipment and technical staff training, no quality management systems have been developed and established on a permanent basis to guarantee the credibility of the tests conducted by these laboratories, basically owing to budgetary constraints. The need for accurate and safe diagnostics is now a priority for the countries, and this has been expressed through the resolutions issued by their Ministers of Agriculture and Livestock, who together make up the highest authority of OIRSA.
Regional trade, and more specifically international trade in animals, animal products and by products, is generating an ever greater need for quality management systems in processes and laboratory assays that meet tried and tested technical standards and can be accredited. Working with accredited laboratory diagnostic tests will enable beneficiary countries to streamline the trade in animals and animal products, in compliance with the sanitary requirements established in the OIE terrestrial and aquatic animal health codes, as well as those set by destination markets, based on reliable laboratory results and the established levels of protection. The accreditation of laboratory tests under the ISO/IEC 17025 technical standard will ensure their technical competence and the validity of the results issued.
- Rose Bengal and ELISA tests to detect bovine brucellosis antibodies and lateral flow immunochromatographic testing for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in Guatemala.
- Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the diagnosis of white spot disease in shrimp, accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in Belize.
- Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the diagnosis of necrotizing hepatopancreatitis (NHP), infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis (IHHNV) in shrimp, and haemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays for the detection of the Newcastle disease virus, accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in El Salvador.
- Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the diagnosis of Newcastle disease, and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays for the detection of the avian influenza virus, and diagnosis of Mycobacterium bovis through bacterial isolation, accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in Honduras.
- Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the diagnosis of white spot disease in shrimp, Rose Bengal and Rivanol tests for the detection of antibodies against bovine brucellosis and immunohistochemical testing to detect bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in Nicaragua.
- Conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the diagnosis of white spot disease in shrimp, diagnosis of brucellosis, using the Rose Bengal and ELISA technique accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in Panama.
- Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the detection of the classical swine fever virus, the avian influenza virus and the Newcastle disease virus, accredited under the ISO 17025 standard in the Dominican Republic.
- Assay for the detection of bovine brucellosis by bacterial isolation and conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, under the ISO 17025 standard in Costa Rica.